The term “artistic mediation” can be quite curious and unusual, but it contains some widespread concepts. The word “mediation” implies an operation in which something or someone is interposed between two parties. The word “artistic” is easier to understand because it involves a creative expression generally similar to art. The combination of these two parts perfectly describes something that a long time ago was called art therapy. Therefore, the union of art and psychology has contributed to the emergence of a new therapeutic, and certainly creative approach.
The art therapy is based on two main elements: the narrative and artistic expression. The narrative is vital for every human being since it gives the opportunity to leave a trace of our passage in the world. We narrate in many ways, every day, because we feel the need and the pleasure of doing it, and because this makes us feel alive. In helping relationships, the narrative plays an even more important role because it becomes therapeutic and activates the memories and emotions. Specifically, in the psychotherapeutic context it is possible to mediate the narrative process through the creative tools. The relationship is filtered by a medium, with a creative technique that encourages the non-verbal expressive channel. In this way, we create an emotional connection between the lived experience and the outside world. This approach is based on the absence of interpretation, and allows you to use an alternative to the traditional way of communicating. These features make art therapy intervention a very useful choice for those who have difficulty in expressing themselves in the verbal channel, especially after traumatic experiences and post traumatic stress disorders. In UK art therapists have their own professional association since 1963 and are registered in the health professions and therefore included in the list of services dispensed by the British National Health Service (NHS). In art therapy the most commonly used tools are: painting, drawing, writing, collage, manipulation of materials (clay, clay, stone), theater, dance, music. Over the years, and particularly with the growth of technologies have been included two expressions narrative tightly knit to the theme of personal identity: the photography and video.
The arts therapies are used in psychotherapy and in the personal exploration for different purposes: to increase self-esteem, promoting professional growth, enhance the quality of life of individuals, improve socialization, develop empathy, learn more about him.
The artistic mediation is also very useful in training contexts, as speeds up the learning skills and helps teams to work towards a shared goal.
It ‘important to consider that everyone, especially children, have experienced artistic techniques, with no worrying too much about the result, but using them to know the world and express their creativity. The principle of artistic mediation is exactly the same: it’s not important to produce a work of art, because the emphasis is placed not on the product but on the process of what happens while I experience creativity through art.
During the process, the group has a very important function: containment and acceptance, listening, discussion and sometimes it vould be a mirror. The benefits of artistic techniques in therapy are many, one of the principal is helping people to be more aware of emotions often denied or difficult to experience. The next step after awareness can be the assumption of different points of view to implement changes in their lives, in specific situations. This is certainly facilitated by the concreteness of the product made and the ability to observe it feeling closeness or distance. In this reciprocal relationship, there can’t be judgment, because artistic expression is strictly subjective and personal. For this reason, the arts therapies do not provide the interpretation of drawings, paintings or artistic products because they care the emotional dimension and relational that they are can activate.